Embassies in Armed Conflict
(Continuum: 2012)

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Embassies in Armed Conflict book coverAn examination of how embassies work and cope during wartime, with a focus on the experiences of the British, American, and Indian embassies.

Table of Contents
List of abbreviations used in text and citation


1 The Military Component
Defence section
Military advisers
Intelligence officers

2 Embassies in Enemy States
Initial siege
Prompt and dignified departures
Internment pending exchange
Preserving diplomatic relations

3 Neutral Embassies to Belligerents
Helping expatriates
Reporting the war
Commercial work
Protecting foreign interests

4 Belligerent Embassies to Neutrals
Espionage and special operations
Evaders and escapers
Placating the host
Handling peace feelers

5 Embassies to Frontline Allies
In conventional warfare
In low-intensity warfare
The risk of militarization


Appendix 1 Heads of British mission at Kabul, 2001-10

Appendix 2 Appointment of Protecting Powers and of their Substitute: Article 5 of the Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts, 8 June 1977